Kibenge, M.J.T., Iwamoto, T., Wang, Y., Morton, A. Godoy, M.G., Kibenge, F.S.B. 2013. Whole-genome analysis of piscine reovirus (PRV) shows PRV represents a new genus in family Reoviridae and its
genome segment S1 sequences group it into two separate sub-genotypes.
Background: Piscine reovirus (PRV) is a newly discovered fish reovirus of anadromous and marine fish ubiquitous among fish in Norwegian salmon farms, and likely the causative agent of heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI). HSMI is an increasingly economically significant disease in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) farms. The nucleotide sequence data available for PRV are limited, and there is no genetic information on this virus outside of Norway and none from wild fish.
Methods: RT-PCR amplification and sequencing were used to obtain the complete viral genome of PRV (10 segments) from
western Canada and Chile. The genetic diversity among the PRV strains and their relationship to Norwegian PRV isolates were determined by
phylogenetic analyses and sequence identity comparisons.Results:PRV is distantly related to members of the generaOrthoreovirus andAquareovirus
and an unambiguous new genus within the familyReoviridae. The Canadian and Norwegian PRV strains are most divergent in the segment S1 and S4 encoded
proteins. Phylogenetic analysis of PRV S1 sequences, for which the largest number of complete sequences from different "isolates" is available, grouped Norwegian PRV strains into a single genotype, Genotype I, with sub-genotypes, Ia and Ib. The Canadian PRV strains matched sub-genotype Ia and Chilean PRV strains matched sub-genotype Ib.Conclusions: PRV should be considered as a member of a new genus within the familyReoviridae with two major Norwegian sub-genotypes. The Canadian PRV diverged from Norwegian sub-genotype Ia around 2007 ± 1, whereas the Chilean PRV diverged from Norwegian sub-genotype Ib around 2008 ± 1 (Virology Journal 10: 230).